2 Best And Safest Routes To Climb Mount Everest

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Introduction                

Mount Everest which is also known as Sagarmatha in Sanskrit and Nepali is the tallest mountain on the earth. Generally, it lies on the crest of the Great Himalayas of southern Asia between the border of Nepal and China. It reaches an elevation of 8848 meters above sea level which is considered the tallest point on earth. The mountain is capped with snow and ice all around the year.

Mount Everest
Mount Everest
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Mount Everest has many climbing routes but 2 routes are mainly used nowadays the southeast ridge which is from Nepal and the north ridge is from Tibet. Everest can be climbed from both ways but the Southeast is the easier way to climb, and it is mainly and more frequently used. Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay who climbed Everest for the first time in history have also used the same route of the Southeast path and listed it on the top 15 routes by 1996. 

 The southern route to Climb Mount Everest

Southeast ridge is the route from Nepal and it is a frequently used route to climb Everest. The southeast route starts from the capital Kathmandu with the marvelous scenery and then flight towards the Lukla which is famous for its dangerous airport. Then trek starts towards base camp from where Khumbu Icefall can be seen. It will take 8-10 days to begin the acclimatization process. It takes around 10 weeks to climb Everest. After reaching the summit climbers spend less than a half-hour at the summit because to avoid some serious problems.

Ways To Reach Mount Everest

The northern route to Climb Mount Everest

The northern ridge is the route that starts from Tibet. Both of the routes are harder to climb because it requires a lot of mountaineering experiences and a certificate of good health condition, equipment using skills, and trained Nepalese guide. But as a comparison on routes, Northern Ridge is the more dangerous and harder route to reach the summit. It is harder because of the camps at higher elevations, harsher winds, and no opportunity for helicopter rescue till now. But while climbing it would be fewer crowds and is easier to climb mid-level camps.

Which season is best to climb Mount Everest?

January-February is the cold season to climb. It would be tough to reach the summit at this time. Although the clearest panoramic glimpse of Mount Everest can be seen. During this season weather conditions can be notoriously unpredictable and the temperature would be high as 20-degree Celsius and low as -15 degrees celsius.

February-May is the most popular season in the region as compared to the whole. Spring season gets you a marvelous look at the Himalayas. And if you might be caught at the end of the winter then you can feel the snow showers also. 

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Mid-June to August is also a monsoon season during this season mountains receive a large amount of rainfall. This season the Everest Peak is more shrouded in mist. Although it is the cool season in Tibet and climbers can enjoy the clean and fine weather.

September to November is the season when the harsh winter moves in. A small opportunity opens up to glimpse the mountain at its best. Autumn is one of the peak times for climbers, there would be many more climbers who would be seeking to reach the summit.

How long times take to do climb Mount Everest?

Climbing at the summit of Everest means to reach the top of the world. It is a great opportunity for Adventure-seekers to reach a summit. So, it would be tough to climb. It takes around 7-10 weeks to climb Mt. Everest from both the Southern and Northern sides. 

Can you climb Mount Everest from China?

Climbing is possible from both countries Nepal and China. From the northern side, it is tougher to climb and it takes a long time to climb Everest. And the Chinese border is sometimes closed also. But climbers can drive to Base Camp also. Reaching base camp will take nearly 5-6 days.

How much it costs to climb Mount Everest

Mount Everest is popular to do Everest expeditions for mountain climbers and higher altitude mountaineering is paid to play games. Climbing Mt. Everest can cost nearly 40000-45000 USD. It costs high because Money is spent on transportation, professional guides, food and beverages, training, and professional gear.

Although some fixed costs depend upon how they climb and with whom they climb. It is expensive to climb Mt Everest because of the permits also. While climbing every group and individual has to pay camp fees, like a garbage and waste deposit, and pays a local government liaison to stay in camp.

The landscape in the Everest region

As Mount Everest lies under the Sagarmatha National Park its wildlife and vegetation are protected. In the Everest region, we can find different kinds of plants including birch, juniper, blue pines, firs, bamboo, and rhododendron. At 5700 m from the base of the mountain, the tree line can be seen. After then we can see the alpine scrub zone which has limited vegetation. Now the arctic zone starts from where trees cannot be found due to a lack of oxygen.

Everest Base Camp
Everest Base Camp

After the rain in June, the plants would thrive and the hills would start to be green and different kinds of flowers would start to grow. The height of the plants is short because if they grew tall they would blow over and freeze and more oxygen can be found near the ground. 

Lifestyle of highlanders

While climbing Everest you need professional guides who are sherpas. And On the way, you can visit the villages of native sherpa’s, the highlanders of Everest, and the Khumbu region. Professional trekkers are needed because while climbing Everest you will be miles far from the vehicle, luxuries, and everyday solaces.

In the Everest region, it is harder to live due to a lack of facilities, modern technologies, and transportation. Highlanders depend upon tourists and foreign Income. Sherpas are known for trekking guides all over the world.

The Death zone

While climbing the world’s tallest mountains you enter the death zone which starts from the altitude of 8000m. You cannot survive for more than 20 hours in a death zone. Here climbers can suffer different kinds of health problems like cerebral edema, retinal hemorrhage, severe headache, nausea, disorientation, etc.

About 300 people have died on Everest since 1924. Many dead bodies haven’t been found on Everest. At the death zone, 40% of oxygen is lower than the sea level. The temperature never rises above 0 degrees Celsius at the death zone and any uncovered body part will instantly start to freeze. At the death zone, you will feel like walking on a treadmill and breathing through the straw.

Permits required to get to reach Mount Everest

At first Nepal, the government has issued 

334 permits in Nepal for Climbing. But now it has been increased to 381. Some fixed climbing cost permits are issued by the Nepalese government. For a party of seven people, it costs $70,000 and $25000 for an individual.

Conclusion

Nowadays Mount Everest’s climbing industry has become controversial. As the popularity of climb has increased the people are climbing Everest often and the southern path is extensively used till now. Which is an easier and cheaper way to summit Everest. As the flow of climbers is increasing the death zone is waiting for their chance to go to the summit. And the pollution near the summit is also increasing. 

Sherpa guides are now facing the highest death rates of any field of employment, foe comparatively little pay. While climbing people frequently travel past corpses as they make their way up. It’s because their dead bodies are impossible to retrieve.

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This article originally published first at Travelinntour.com.

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