Diverse nature … rich culture and love stories embodied in a special architecture.
Its people describe it as the “pearl of the Alps”. It is the city of Innsbruck, capital of the Tyrol region in northwestern Austria. It is located at the heart of the Alps, embracing and shading it, in addition to its historical importance as an ancient city that played an influential role as a crossroads from north to south and from Germany to Italy and beyond.
It dates back to the Stone Age and has remarkable roles in European history in general and Austrian history in particular. On the other hand, the town succeeded in becoming a modern city that knew how to blend tradition with modernity, especially since 30 percent of its population, which numbered about 150,000, was young.
However, the Alps remain what makes the city the most beautiful and special. It is a linear plain embraced by those chains that the people of Innsbruck are proud of and preserve as a source of their natural and cultural wealth, while the city expands east to the west as a valley to the river Inn, which is considered one of the most powerful European rivers.
The city gets its name from the river, INNSBRUCK, which means Bridge of Inn, and it is one of the Danube River’s most significant tributaries. Its waters are colored like milk, and rise in the rain flowing from the tops of the mountains and the melting of the ice, its water becomes green due to the minerals being washed away by the water and the calcareous rocks that dissolve and destroy it from tree branches, the more the current is violent and rushing.
Due to its geographical location, it is easily accessible from various directions, and by various means of transportation, whether by air through its airport, on direct flights, or by car or train. The train provides a comfortable journey as it departs regularly from Vienna to Innsbruck on the same route that connects the city of Salzburg and then Innsbruck and Bregenz, the capital of the Voralberg region, and stops at other cities. There are also trains connecting it to neighboring German, Swiss or Italian cities, where the borders are open according to the Schengen agreement, and all of them are a few hours away or less.
And how pleasant it is for the train route to it, whether from Vienna, Munich, Germany, Zurich, Switzerland, Milan, or Italian Verona. Summer crosses green and colorful meadows and plains, and winter lakes and snowy mountains. The tourists only need to program their visit, to benefit from their vacation, which they can spend itinerant and enjoying the terrain, culture and various entertainment means.
SOME FAMOUS LANDMARKS IN INNSBRUCK (Best Sights In Innsbruck)
The Empty Tomb of Maximilian I
The Siegestor (Victory Gate)
Creations by Zaha Hadid
Nordkette Cable Car
The Empty Tomb of Maximilian I
Historically, Innsbruck is associated with the Roman Emperor Maximilian I, who expanded the influence to the Habsburgs through war and intermarriage. He married for the first time a love marriage to a Belgian princess, and 5 years after her death, he chose a beneficial marriage to an Italian wealthy lady. The emperor also married all his sons and daughters from the kings of Belgium and Spain (Castile), the Netherlands, Bohemia, and France to strengthen his throne. Emperor Maximilian, love Innsbruck and made it his residence, and indeed he spent most of his time there. And the city maintains to this day 130 luxurious buildings built during his reign, so some call him the city’s architect.
In Innsbruck, many landmarks also appear that reflect his love for science and art and his intense passion for hunting and weapons, to the point that shields bearing designs from his brainchild became known by his name. Another of his titles is “The Last Knight.”
However, the people of Innsbruck, who had an opinion and a word about it, angered the emperor when they refused to finance him due to his spending and his extravagance. He knew that it was rich in silver, copper, and white “salt” gold, and he had great ambitions.
Their refusal to push him to leave Innsbruck was a mistake and he did not return to Innsbruck again. However, the city immortalized him 65 years after his death by erecting a tomb bearing his name without his body, which was buried in the city of “Vienna Noy Scattered” near the capital Vienna. The ornate mausoleum was placed inside the huge imperial church with three floors and round windows, which in turn is considered a tourist attraction for its beauty, decorations, and gardens. It also has more than one hall and a museum that includes rare antique pieces, some of them the first of their kind. It also has the “Ebert Organ”, which dates back to the year 1558 and is distinguished by international fame. Entry to this church is for a fee unless it opens its doors for a religious occasion or mass.
It was essentially a castle on the highest mountain, guarding the city before Archduke Ferdinand II converted it into a palace. What is credited to him is that he preserved the architectural structure, which gave him a distinctive architectural style. There is no doubt that his vast garden, where peacocks live, and a lake in which fish, ducks, and geese swim, with all its colors, make it distinctive.
For his part, Archduke Ferdinand was an open intellectual who loved a commoner lady and married her despite the opposition of the aristocratic classes. The first museum in the world. Like other attractions, Innsbruck can be reached from the heart of the city by public transport, as well as a stop in front of its entrance Directly the tourist buses hop-on-Hop-off, which allow, depending on its type of card, to descend to enjoy the sights that it passes by and then continue the journey with another bus.
Ambras Palace is open every day of the week, from ten in the morning until five in the evening, except in November. Its spacious hall hosts various concerts and exhibitions. It is also said about Ambras Palace that he was the true inspiration for the story “Beauty and the Beast” and it is said that this monster was a palace worker Ambras fell in love with him. Innsbruck is not only related to Hollywood but also to Indian cinema, which is attracted by its diverse nature to shoot some of the Bollywood films.
The Siegestor (Victory Gate)
Contrary to what Its name indicates, this gigantic gate was not built to commemorate a war victory, but to welcome the Spanish bride, Princess Maria Luisa, daughter of Charles III of Saxony, who came to Innsbruck in August 1765 to marry Peter Leopold, son of Empress Maria Theresa, which explains The facade of the gate to enter the city, faces smile, smile, welcoming the bride. On the other side, faces are depicted in tears of mourning for Emperor Francis I, who died in the same month.
In the city, there is a miniature copy of the historic Hofburg Palace in Vienna, which was the winter residence of the emperors and then after the founding of the republic became the official residence of the Austrian president. The Hofburg Palace, a branch of Innsbruck, was built in the fifteenth century as the seat of the ruler of Tyrol, then Emperor Maximilian I expanded it, and Empress Maria Theresa expanded it after him. It currently includes a museum and many halls and small rooms, and it is adorned with the main hall that some people rent to hold their wedding parties.
In summer, his yard hosts free concerts every day at 7:30 pm.
One of the most famous landmarks left by Emperor Maximilian I in Innsbruck is the “golden roof”, which immortalizes the story of his love and marriage, adding to the romance of the city. It is the roof of the balcony of a building in the middle of the most famous city squares and was recently the headquarters of the Foundation for the Preservation of the Alps.
It consists of 2,657 gilded copper tiles constructed by Maximilian I to celebrate his marriage to the Italian wealthy Bianca Maria Savo, from Milan. According to what the story says, the emperor set him in gold to show his face, and it is not said that he married her because of her money and greed for her gold, which was a lot. In recognition of the memory of his first wife, Mary, the Belgian, who was his true love, the emperor placed inside the balcony under the ceiling two figures of two women standing between them, thus avoiding also angering his allies from Belgium, the supporters of the first marriage.
The golden roof attracts tourists annually. They wrap around it from all sides until they reach a point that allows them to take “selfies” in which the ceiling and its gold form a wonderful background. The center of the roof is Herzog Friedrich, one of Old Town’s most important streets.
Creations by Zaha Hadid
The late architect Zaha Hadid was destined to make her mark in the city by designing the Ski Jumping Hill at Mount Ezel, as well as the Mount Havelika tramway stations in the Hungerburg district, where the mountains are within sight. According to her description, Zaha Hadid said it was designed as a tower, bridge, and green structure that merged the slope with a café on the top of the mountain and two glass elevators that transported visitors and athletes to enjoy the scenery and practice their favorite sports.
The streamlined track is designed to be 90 meters long and 50 meters high, while the platform at the top of Mount Ezel reaches 40 meters, enabling seated spectators to easily follow the athletes.
Nordkette Cable Car
Just 25 minutes from the heart of Innsbruck you can climb to the towering peaks of the Nord Kette, at a height of 2,637 meters. Here, the tourist will enjoy the nature of the singing and the fresh air. On the way, the cable car stops at three stations also designed by Zaha Hadid and chosen for her by umbrellas the color of river water, which she formed in the form of rock from the limestone mountain rocks. One of these steps leads to the Alpine Zoo, which offers various programs for children, in addition to watching animals, some of which are endangered.
* The small size of the city helps to walk around on foot. Wherever you go, you will find a variety of restaurants with all flavors of the neighboring countries.
– If the journey is by train, then the specified time must be adhered to because Austrian, German and Swiss trains are very accurate.
– For the convenience of tourists, a card was recently issued at 43 euros for the day, 50 euros for two days, and 59 euros for three days, which can be used in all public transport, and it also includes entry to some tourist sites and climbing mountain peaks and other landmarks that are difficult to enumerate in one article.
To enjoy wandering over mountain ranges, most of which are cantilever, a sturdy shoe is a must, and choose a location on the cable car, near glass walls, to enjoy the magnificent views. The cable car stops daily at five in the evening, so it is advisable to go up early to take advantage of the time.
There are endless places to visit and things to do in Innsbruck, only a few of them are mentioned here. If you liked this Innsbruck travel guide please share it with friends. Your valuable comments are appreciated.
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